Banks and Telcos as strong Identity Providers in Finland (2013)
Tax calculation is available as on-line service, e.g. for home service employees. FI National ID card has only very low penetration. However, TUPAS provides bank ids as eID service; technically similar to payment. TUPAS provides first and last name and national id – the id contains the birth date as well. TUPAS is provided by 9 banks and their branches. The banks do not federate, so one bank-id cannot be used at another bank.